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Nearly half of Mozambique’s population is under 15, highlighting the need to focus sexual and reproductive health efforts on adolescents and young people who are becoming sexually active. Girls and young women are particularly vulnerable. In 2005, HIV prevalence among females ages 15-24 was 10.7%, compared to 3.6% among males.

The HIV Prevention for Girls and Young Women Report Card series is an advocacy tool aimed at increasing and improving the programmatic, policy and funding actions taken on HIV prevention for girls and young women. The key audiences are national, regional and international policy and decision-makers, and service providers. They build on global policy commitments, particularly those outlined in the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS from the 2 June 2006 High-Level Meeting, to follow up on the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on AIDS (UNGASS).